Everyday to take care of diabetes patients, natural ways to reduce diabetes
Diabetes is a physical condition that lasts a lifetime and causes more than one million deaths worldwide each year. In addition, anyone can be affected by diabetes.
Diabetes occurs when the body fails to break down all the blood sugar (glucose). This complication can lead to heart attack and stroke.
Diabetes can also lead to blindness, kidney damage and sometimes amputation.
This problem is increasing all over the world. At present, the number of people suffering from diabetes is more than 420 million. That’s four times more than 30 years ago, according to the World Health Organization.
Doctors say that despite having such a high risk of diabetes, more than half of the people affected by the disease are not aware of the disease.
However, in some cases it is possible to prevent diabetes by following certain rules and regulations in life. Here are some of his ways.
Why is diabetes?
When we eat a food, our body breaks down the sugar from that food into sugar (glucose). The hormone insulin, which is secreted from the pancreas, directs the cells in our body to absorb sugar. This sugar acts as fuel or energy for the body.
Diabetes occurs when the body cannot make insulin or it does not work properly. And as a result sugar starts to accumulate in the blood.
What types of diabetes are there?
There are Different types of diabetes.
- In type 1 diabetes, insulin production from the pancreas stops. Then glucose begins to accumulate in the bloodstream.
Scientists have not yet been able to figure out what caused this. However, they believe that there may be a genetic reason behind it. Or it may be that the cells that make insulin are destroyed by a viral infection in the pancreas.
About 10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
- The other is type two diabetes. People with this type of diabetes do not produce enough insulin in their pancreas or this hormone does not work properly.
Usually middle-aged or elderly people develop type 2 diabetes. People who are overweight and have to sit and work most of the time despite being younger are also more likely to have this type of diabetes.
People in certain areas are also at risk for diabetes. It includes South Asia.
Many women can get diabetes even if they have children. They can develop diabetes when their bodies do not produce enough insulin for themselves and their children.
One study found that 6 to 17 percent of pregnant women may have diabetes. Keeping their body sugar levels under control through diet, exercise or insulin can help them avoid the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Blood glucose test :
Controlling blood glucose levels is very important for people with diabetes.
Regularly checking your blood glucose (finger piercing) can show how lifestyle changes affect blood glucose levels and help you control your diabetes. People with diabetes have an increased risk of many health problems, such as heart, kidney and eye disease, nerve damage, stroke and poor blood circulation.
The normal blood glucose limits for people without diabetes are: 3.5 – 5.5 mmol / l before meals and 8 mmol / l two hours after meals; The closer the blood glucose is to ‘normal’ the better.
Self-monitoring (by finger needle testing at home) is best suited for:
- Patients with type 1 diabetes.
- Patients with type 2 diabetes who are treated with insulin and adjust their dose as a result of blood glucose testing.
- Pregnant patients, whether they have type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes.
Many patients with type 2 diabetes, especially those who control their eating habits, take metformin or glitazone, do not need to have their blood glucose monitored at home. There is no risk of hypoglycemia, and glycemic control is better, and is adequately monitored by regular HbA1c testing.
Patients with type 2 diabetes who take sulfonylurea, a glucose-regulating drug, or an Incretin mimetic or gliptin after a meal, do not need regular testing under normal circumstances. Testing on an individual patient basis may be appropriate, as educational materials, in case of recurrent illness, to ensure safe driving. Blood glucose should be monitored where hypoglycemia is a known phenomenon.
Contact your diabetes care team for advice on blood glucose meters at home.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The most common symptoms include:
- Found very thirsty.
- Frequent urination than usual. Especially at night.
- Feeling tired.
- Weight loss without any reason.
- Frequent infections with inflammatory diseases.
- Blurred vision.
- If it is cut anywhere on the body, it is too late to dry it
Doctors say that the symptoms of type 1 diabetes can start in childhood and become more complicated with age.
The risk of type 2 diabetes increases after the age of 40. However, people in South Asia have been at risk since they were 25 years old.
Parents, siblings with diabetes, or those who are overweight, people from any country in South Asia, Afro-Caribbean or black African are also at higher risk.
Why should you check your blood glucose more frequently?
After a change of treatment :
Check more frequently to make sure your blood glucose is controlled at 4-7 mmol / l. This should be discussed during the consultation.
Your blood glucose may change in response to illness – check your blood glucose more frequently (every 2-4 hours, especially if you take insulin). Your treatment may require a change. Discuss illness day rules with your diabetic care team.
If you have type 1 diabetes, see Sickness Day Rules for Type 1
If you have type 2 diabetes, see the rules for the day of illness for type 2
Steroid treatment :
Check blood glucose more frequently. Steroids can raise your blood glucose levels. Your treatment may require a change.
Before and during pregnancy :
Check more often. Blood glucose levels of 4-6mmol / l before and during pregnancy are desirable. Contact your diabetes care team for advice if you are planning a pregnancy or as soon as you find out about the pregnancy.
How to do a test ?
- Wash your hands in warm water.
- Pierce the needle on the side of the finger (less painful)
- If necessary, massage the finger from ankle to tip.
- Drop a drop of blood on the test strip * Follow the strip manufacturer’s instructions exactly [verify expiration date]
- Check with eyes or use meter.
- Keep the meter clean and check accuracy regularly using quality control solutions as needed.
- Record the results in a diary.
11 Ways to Control Diabetes naturally:
1. Although diabetes is genetic and depends on your lifestyle, you can still control your blood sugar levels if you try.
2. That’s why you need to be particularly aware of food intake and you need to be a very active person.
3. Processed foods and drinks should be avoided. Instead of white flour bread, you should eat bran bread with bran. This is the first step.
4. White pasta, pastries, fizzy drinks, sugary drinks, sweets, etc. should be avoided.
5. And healthy foods include vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains.
6. It is also good to eat healthy oils and nuts. Fish that have omega 3 oils should be eaten more. Such as sardines, salmon and mackerel.
7. One day you need to eat little by little without breaking your stomach.
8. It is possible to lower blood sugar levels by exercising.
9. Doctors say you need to exercise for two and a half hours every week. It also includes brisk walking and climbing stairs.
10. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness. If you want to lose weight, you have to do it slowly. From half a kg to one kg per week.
11. It is also important to avoid smoking. Cholesterol levels should be monitored. High levels increase the risk of heart disease.
What kind of complications can occur due to diabetes?
High blood sugar can cause serious damage to blood vessels.
If the blood does not flow properly in the body, if the blood does not reach the places where it is needed, then the risk of nerve damage increases.
As a result, people may lose their eyesight. Infections can occur in the legs.
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, etc., says the World Health Organization.
How many people have diabetes?
According to the World Health Organization, the number of people with diabetes in 1980 was about 11 million. In 2014, it increased to more than 42 crores.
In 1980, the rate of diabetes among people over the age of 18 was less than 5 percent, but in 2014, their number has increased by 6 decades and 5 percent.
The International Diabetes Federation says about 70 percent of adults with diabetes are from middle- and low-income countries, where their eating habits are changing rapidly.